Types of Disabilities
The following provides a brief description of the different types of disabilities.
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit with Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD) is a neurologically-based medical problem. ADD/ADHD is a developmental disability characterized by inattention, impulsiveness and sometimes hyperactivity.
Approximately 80 percent of all legally blind individuals have some usable vision. To accommodate visually-impaired students, Seminole State offers adaptive equipment and software for use on campus. Students with visual impairments should sit at the front of the class.
Learning Disabilities (LD)
Students with learning disabilities (LD) have specific academic deficiencies that are related to dysfunction of the central nervous system. Learning disabilities may be acquired (e.g., loss of reading or speaking skills resulting from a stroke or head trauma) or developmental (i.e., the failure to acquire reading, writing or mathematics skills as a result of genetic factors or brain damage at birth). Students with LD who are in college have a demonstrated ability to utilize their cognitive strengths to compensate for their specific academic weaknesses. Often, students with LD need more time to process information (i.e., to determine what the test questions are asking and to formulate their responses).
Congenital conditions, accidents or progressive neuromuscular diseases can result in a variety of orthopedic/mobility-related disabilities. Such disabilities include paraplegia, quadriplegia, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, severe arthritis, amputation, multiple sclerosis, polio and post-polio, paralysis, cardiac conditions and stroke.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
Head injury is one of the fastest growing types of disabilities, especially in 15-28 year olds. In more than 500,000 cases each year, people are reportedly hospitalized from head trauma. The life functions that may be affected include: memory, cognitive/perceptual communication, speed of thinking, communications, spatial reasoning, conceptualization, psychosocial behaviors, motor abilities, sensory perception and physical abilities.
Temporary accommodations may be provided on a case-by-case basis as a courtesy service to students with temporary/transitory impairments so their enrollment can continue with minimal disruption. Temporary impairments (broken leg, broken arm, scheduled or emergency surgery) are not covered by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), because this law applies to only permanent disabilities. A temporary/transitory impairment is an impairment with an actual or expected duration of six months or less. Documentation of the temporary impairment is required in order to receive courtesy services. Students with temporary impairment are encouraged to contact DSS and provide documentation addressing the length of recovery so that appropriate duration of accommodations may be determined. Please the see the Documentation page for more information.
Many students have disabilities that are less visible and do not fall into the other categories. They are, however, covered by Section 504/ADA. Often, prescribed medications may interfere with a student's ability to process information quickly or may impair his/her academic performance. Common side effects of medications are loss of concentration, drowsiness, fatigue, memory loss and shortened attention span.
Less visible disabilities include AIDS, asthma, cancer, chronic pain, diabetes, epilepsy, lupus, psychological disorders, renal-kidney disease and Tourette's syndrome.